Head of State His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said
  Language Arabic (official), English (widely spoken)
  Capital Muscat
  Population 3,300,600 (including 600,000 expatriates) (July 2008 est)
  Area 309,500 km2
  Coastline 3,165 km
  Highest Point 3,000 m - Jabal Shams ('Sun Mountain')
  Annual Rainfall 100 mm (mean, except for Dhofar)
  Temp. Range 15°C - 54°C
  Summer May - September
  National Day 18th November