Tips and Advice

50 Simple Things YOU can do to save Oman's environment.

The following tips have been adapted from "Fifty Simple Things You Can Do To Save Oman's Environment" Second Edition, Ministry of
Environment and Climate Affairs.

Save our water


1. Use only as much water as you need when washing.

  Keep your showers short.
  Try not to turn the tap on full.

2. Fill the sink with water when washing dishes rather                          than leaving the tap running.                        

  Did you know that if you leave the tap running when you
brush your teeth you could easily use more than 20 litres
of water?

3. Turn off dripping taps.

  Make sure that leaking pipes or taps are fixed quickly.

4. Make sure the garden hose is used properly.

  Water plants at night or early in the morning as water
evaporates much more quickly during the day.
  Use a bucket to wash your car instead of a hose.
  Use a broom to sweep away leaves rather than a hose
to wash them away.

5. Do not throw away water you can use to water plants.

  Use a bowl when rinsing fruit or vegetables and re-use the
water in your garden.
  Put a bucket under a dripping air conditioning unit and use
what you collect to water plants.


Keep Our Water Clean

6. Use falaj water properly.

  You may be endangering the health of those that drink falaj
water downstream if you use water upstream for washing.

7. Keep falaj water free from rubbish.

  Cans can rust and pollute the water.
  If you see anyone else throwing rubbish in a falaj tell them
to stop!

8. Look after well water.

  If rubbish is thrown into wells (even disused wells) water
supplies deeper in the ground may become contaminated.

9. Boil water if you think it is not safe to drink.

  Cloudy water and water that smells bad may be polluted.
If it is boiled it will be safer to use.

10. Help prevent the spread of malaria.

  Puddles of rainwater attract mosquitoes which may carry
malaria. Fill in puddles with soil or sand.

11. Keep an eye on your septic or holding tank.

  Make sure that your septic tank is not blocked so that
sewage can drain through it properly.
  Do not flush rubbish down the toilet. Water is wasted and
some items may block drains causing sewage to overflow.

12. Dispose of household chemicals and used oil properly.

  If these chemicals are poured into the ground they
could seep into groundwater supplies and pollute
our drinking water.
  Contact the municipality for advice on safe disposal of
products you are unsure of.


Save Energy

13. Only turn on lights when you need them.

  Use natural daylight instead of turning on lights.
  Switch off lights when you leave a room


14. Use energy saving light bulbs.

15. Turn off the television when you have finished watching it.

16. Turn off your computer monitor when not using it.

  Many people don't want to turn off their computer systems
completely as they use them so often. By just turning off
the monitor you are saving 60% of the energy used in the
whole system!

17. Use your air conditioning efficiently.

  Turn off individual air conditioning units in rooms you are
not using.
  Keep doors closed when air conditioning is on.

18. Switch off water heaters if the whole family is going  on holiday.

19. Help conserve petrol.

  Avoid unnecessary car trips.
  Keep to the speed limit - more petrol is used at
higher speeds.


Minimise Waste

20. Avoid individually packed items.

  Buy products in bulk rather than in individual containers.
It is also cheaper to buy in bulk.

21. Avoid disposable items.

  Try not to use disposable paper plates and cups. It is
always better to use those that you can wash and use
again and again.

22. Re-use paper.

23. Avoid aerosol cans that do not carry the ozone-friendly sign.

24. Re-use plastic bags.

  Avoid throwing away plastic bags unnecessarily.
  Take plastic bags with you when you go shopping and
re-use them for packing.
  Use plastic bags you have around the house for rubbish.

25. Buy re-usable canvas bags.

  These can be bought at most supermarkets in Oman now.
  They can also be used as a beach bag or for purposes
other than shopping.
  Make sure that the bags are kept in your car so that you
don't forget them when you go to the supermarket.
  ESO also sells re-usable canvas bags which can be
purchased at selected supermarkets and at our office.
  All money raised from sales of ESO canvas bags goes
straight back into our plastic bag campaign.
(see projects section of website and campaign link)

26. Pass on clothes and toys.

  Buy toys that will last..
  Give away toys and clothes to charitable organizations.

27. Say "No" to plastic bags if you do not need them.

  Shops often provide plastic bags, even for just one or
two items.
  Make sure that you tell shop clerks that you do not
need a bag.

Keep Oman Clean


28. Throw household rubbish and litter away in rubbish bins.

  Make sure that rubbish is thrown in municipal bins so that it can be collected.

Litter can harm animals. Broken glass and cans can cut animals searching for food. Litter on the beach may be

carried out to sea and harm coral reefs and floating plastic
bags can choke turtles and other marine life.

  Keep a bag or small bin in your car that you can empty later.
  Do not throw rubbish out of car windows!

29. If you see other people throwing litter, tell them to stop!

  Dispose of rubbish properly.
  Always put your rubbish in rubbish bags before disposing
of them in municipal bins. This makes it easier for municipal
staff to collect rubbish and prevents the spread of disease.
  Make sure that rubbish is put inside, not beside, the
municipal bins.

30. Play an active role in keeping your town clean.

  Help keep your local beaches or wadis clean by organizing
your own clean ups. Your municipal office will help dispose
of the collected rubbish.
  Join ESO organised clean ups.
Click here to sign up.

31. Do not let your children play near rubbish which attracts
       rats, lies and other disease-carrying pests.


Look after land

32. Keep to graded roads when possible.

  When you drive off road the wheels of your car compact the
ground and crush plants.

33. Leave plants to grow.

  If you see a wild plant or flower leave it to grow.

34. Plant a tree.

  Ensure that if you do plant a tree it is always best to plant
local/native species because they do not require much water
and you will not be introducing a potentially invasive species
into the environment.

35. Try to learn more about plant life in Oman.

  Try to visit the Natural History Museum in Al Khuwair. Many of
Oman's trees have been planted outside the Museum and the
name of each is given.


Help Protect Oman's Wildlife

36. Do not hunt or disturb wild species.

37. Do not take eggs from wild birds' nests.

38. Make your own bird sanctuary.

  You can encourage birds to visit your garden by putting out
a shallow tray of water for them to drink and bath in. For food,
try putting out orange peels and some nuts from a local tree.

39. Try to learn more about wildlife in Oman.

  Visit the Natural History Museum.
  Read books on Oman's wildlife such as "Butterflies of Oman",
"Wildlife of Oman" and "The Birds of Oman".

40. Avoid frightening turtles coming ashore on beaches.

  Do not use flashlights at beaches where turtles nest. Baby
turtles are confused by lights and wander inland instead of
going to the sea.

41. Avoid disturbing turtles when they are laying their eggs.

  Once onshore turtles are easily disturbed and may return to
the sea without laying any eggs.
  Do not take any turtle eggs!

42. Do not leave litter or drive on beaches.

  If cars drive on turtle beaches they may crush eggs that have
been buried below and will compact the soft sand, making it
difficult for turtles to nest.
  Litter on turtle beaches can make it difficult for baby turtles to
reach the surface.

43. Try to visit Ra's al Hadd.

  Ra's al Hadd is visited by hundreds of turtles and is a
great place to watch turtles.
  Permits must be obtained from the Ministry of Environment
and Climate Affairs.
  Follow the strict guidelines which can be obtained by
wardens at Ra's al Hadd when watching the turtles.


44. Avoid damaging coral and do not collect pieces of coral.

  Collecting coral is prohibited by law in Oman!
  Ensure that you do not anchor boats on coral reefs as they are
easily damaged.

45. Avoid collecting live shells which are usually homes to
      tiny creatures.

46. Learn more about Oman's marine life.

  Visit the Marine Science and Fisheries Center (between Sidab
and Al Bustan village). The Center has a small aquarium with
many fish species found in the waters of Oman.


Express your views on the environment

47. Enter environmental competitions.

  Every year the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs
organizes a national painting competition on the environment
for all school children in Oman.

48. Write to the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs
       with your questions and comments.

    Your letter can be addressed to:.
  Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs
Pollution Operations Monitoring Centre
Tel: + 968 2 4693666
Fax: + 968 2 4691082
  Ministry of Fisheries Wealth
General Directorate of Fisheries Resources Development
Tel: + 968 2 4696369


49. Become a member of the Environment Society of Oman
      and get involved with projects helping to promote the
      conservation of Oman's environment!
      For more information, click here.

50. Pass these tips on to family, friends and colleagues!